Tinnitus Causes & Risk Factors
Whilst we know what conditions may lead to tinnitus, it is difficult to say what may be the absolute cause in each case. Some common contributors to tinnitus include:
- Noise exposure
Prolonged exposure to loud noise can damage the tiny sensory hair cells in your ear that transmit sound to your brain. People who work in noisy environments — such as factory and construction workers, musicians, and soldiers — are particularly at risk.
Tinnitus is more than doubly prevalent in persons who are under stress or are burnt out than in other people.
Blockages of the ear due to a build-up of wax.
The natural aging process, which can cause deterioration of the cochlea or other parts of the ear.
- Medical Conditions
Other medical conditions such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, circulatory problems, anaemia, allergies, an underactive thyroid gland and diabetes.
As you age, the number of functioning nerve fibres in your ears declines, possibly causing hearing problems often associated with tinnitus.
Men are more likely to experience tinnitus.
Smokers have a higher risk of developing tinnitus.
- Cardiovascular Problems
Conditions that affect your blood flow, such as high blood pressure or narrowed arteries (atherosclerosis), can increase your risk of tinnitus.
For more information, download our tinnitus booklet.